Kidney problems are one of the most common problems in developed countries, health surveys show, and oftentimes these kidney diseases are linked with other health problems as well. The growing public concern on kidney diseases is greater than before as approximately one in every ten adults in the United States have developed chronic kidney diseases (CKD), according to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearing house (NKUDIC). This only shows that caring for one’s kidneys is a needed and is supposed to be a responsibility of the patient as well as the health care providers.
Heart disease, high blood pressure, race, diabetes, age, and a family of kidney problems are risks factors in developing kidney diseases. These tips on keeping the kidneys healthy may be used by men and women alike who are at high risk of developing kidney problems. Tips from the National Kidney Disease Education Program include the following:
- Make sure to maintain a healthy blood pressure level. The kidney helps in regulating the blood pressure. Blood pressure levels may vary depending on age and gender but the usual is below 120/80. Health care providers may set achievable blood pressure levels through diet and medications.
- Avoid too much salt. Salt often triggers the body to retain more fluids. For those who are at risk of kidney problems, this might become a problem as the kidney will have more fluids to filter.
- The medications are only to be used as directed. Medications affect the kidneys because most drugs are excreted through the kidneys.
- Maintain an active lifestyle. Having an active lifestyle not only keeps your kidneys healthy but also the rest of the body.
- Maintain a proper body weight. Overweight and obese individuals are at risk of developing kidney problems.
- Curb your alcohol intake. Too much alcohol in the body destroys the kidneys. Many people who have drinking problems develop kidney and liver diseases.
- Eating fresh fruits and vegetables is good to our body.
- Kidney damage is often exacerbated caused by too much smoke.
- Keep the cholesterol levels in check and manage blood sugar problems properly.
It is easy to have healthy kidneys, health experts say, as long as the person knows what to do.